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Morocco’s Royal Family Alaouite Dynasty

Morocco’s Alaouite Dynasty Kingdom of Morocco Morocco’s Royal Family are descendants of the Alaouite Dynasty, which has been ruling since 1631 when its founder, Moulay Ali Cherif, became Prince of Tafilalt. At this time authority to rule the region was passed from the Saadi Dynasty to the Alaouite Dynasty, both of which are believed to be descended from the Prophet Muhammad through his daughter Fatima and her husband the 4th Caliph Ali, who was a cousin of the prophet. With common ancestry, the transfer of power from the Saadi Dynasty to the Alaouite Dynasty, while not being without conflict, had a sense of continuity, adding a strong case of legitimacy enabling the Royal Family to endure through colonial rule, a period when the country was divided between Spanish and French authorities, and subsequent independence. Legend has it that in the 13th century inhabitants of Tafilalet persuaded Al Hassan Addakhil to move from his hometown of Yanbu in Hijaz (modern-day western Saudi Arabia) to reside in the Moroccan oasis town as the community’s imam. The reasoning behind this request was that, as a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad (saws), Al Hassan Addakhil possessed a blessing, or divine presence, which would help the community...

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